Scientific Papers

Key Publications

Jalal, B., Chamberlain, S. R., & Sahakian, B. J. (2023). Obsessive‐compulsive disorder: Etiology, neuropathology, and cognitive dysfunction. Brain and Behavior. Details.

Jalal, B. (2021). “Men fear most what they cannot see.” Sleep paralysis “ghost intruders” and faceless “shadow-people”—the role of the right hemisphere and economizing nature of vision. Medical Hypothesis. Details.

Jalal, B, Moruzzi L, Zangrandi A, Filardi M, Franceschini C, Pizza F, Plazzi G (2020). Meditation-relaxation (MR therapy) for sleep paralysis: A pilot study in patients with narcolepsy. Frontiers in Neurology. Details.

Jalal B, Samuel RC, Robbins TW, Sahakian BJ (2020). Obsessive-compulsive disorder—contamination fears, features and treatment: Novel smartphone therapies in light of global mental health and pandemics (COVID-19). CNS SpectrumsDetails.

Jalal, B., McNally, R. J., Elias, J., & Ramachandran, V. S. (2020). “Vicarious exposure”—”spooky action” at a distance in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders. Details 

Jalal, B., McNally, R. J., Elias, J., Potluri, S., & Ramachandran, V. S. (2020). Contaminating rubber hands (“multisensory stimulation therapy”) to treat obsessive-compulsive disorder. Frontiers in Human NeuroscienceDetails

Jalal, B.,  Bruhl, A., O’Callaghan, C., Piercy, T., Cardinal, R. N, Ramachandran, V. S., &  Sahakian, B. (2018). Novel smartphone interventions improve cognitive flexibility and obsessive-compulsive disorder symptoms in individuals with contamination fears. Scientific ReportsDetails.

Jalal, B. (2018). The neuropharmacology of sleep paralysis hallucinations: Serotonin 2A activation and a novel therapeutic drug. PsychopharmacologyDetails.

Jalal, B., Eskici, H. S, Acarturk, Z. C., Hinton, D. (2020). Beliefs about sleep paralysis in Turkey: Karabasan. Transcultural Psychiatry. Details.  

Jalal, B., Kruger, Q., & Hinton, D. E. (2020). Culturally adapted CBT (CA-CBT) for traumatised indigenous South Africans (Sepedi): A randomised pilot trial comparing CA-CBT to applied muscle relaxation. Intervention 18(1), 61-65. Details.

Jalal, B., Romanelli, A., & Hinton, D. E. (2020). Sleep paralysis in Italy: Frequency, hallucinatory experiences, and other features.  Transcultural Psychiatry. Details.

Wróbel-Knybel, P., Karakuła-Juchnowicz, H., Flis, M., Rog, J., Hinton, D. E., Boguta, P., Jalal, B. (2020). Prevalence and clinical picture of sleep paralysis in a Polish student population. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, 3529. Details.

Jalal, B. & Ramachandran, V. S. (2017). The twin vantage point paradox: a thought experiment. The Journal of Mind and Behavior38(2), 111-118. Details

Ramachandran, V. S. & Jalal, B. (2017). The evolutionary psychology of envy and jealousy. Frontiers in Psychology8, 1619. Details.

Jalal, B., Kruger, Q., & Hinton, D. E. (2017). Adaptation of CBT for traumatized South African indigenous groups: examples from Multiplex CBT for PTSD. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 25(2), 335-349. Details.

Jalal, B. & Ramachandran, V. S. (2017). Sleep paralysis, “the ghostly bedroom intruder” and out-of-body experiences: the role of mirror neurons. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 11:92. Details.

Jalal, B. (2017). Response: “Commentary: How to make the ghosts in my bedroom disappear? Focused-attention meditation combined with muscle relaxation (MR therapy)—a direct treatment intervention for sleep paralysis”. Frontiers in Psychology8, 760Details.

Jalal, B. & Ramachandran, V. S. (2017). “I feel your disgust and relief”: can the action understanding system (mirror neuron system) be recruited to induce disgust and relief from contamination vicariously, in individuals with obsessive–compulsive disorder symptoms? Neurocase, 23(1), 31-35. Details.

Jalal, B. (2016). How to make the ghosts in my bedroom disappear? Focused-attention meditation combined with muscle relaxation (MR therapy)—a direct treatment intervention for sleep paralysis. Frontiers in Psychology, 7:28. Details.

Jalal, B. & Hinton D. E. (2016) Lifetime presence and rates of sleep paralysis in Denmark of ethnic Danes and non-ethnic Danes. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 70(6), 253-253. Details.

Jalal, B., Samir, W. S., & Hinton D. E. (2016). Adaptation of CBT for traumatized Egyptians: Examples from culturally adapted CBT (CA-CBT). Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 24(1), 58-71. Details.

Jalal, B., Krishnakumar, D., & Ramachandran, V. S. (2015). “I feel contaminated in my fake hand”: Obsessive-compulsive-like disgust sensations arise from dummy during rubber hand illusion. PLoS one, 10(12), e0139159. Details.

Jalal, B., Romanelli, A., & Hinton, D. E. (2015). Cultural explanations of sleep paralysis in Italy: The pandafeche attack and associated supernatural beliefs. Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry, 39(4), 651-664. Details.

Jalal, B. & Hinton, D. E. (2015). Sleep paralysis among Egyptian college students: Association with anxiety symptoms (PTSD, trait anxiety, pathological worry). The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 203(11), 871-875. Details.

Jalal, B. & Ramachandran, V. S. (2014). Sleep paralysis and the shadowy bedroom intruder: The role of the right superior parietal, phantom pain and projection of body image. Medical Hypotheses, 83(6)755-757. Details.

Jalal, B. & Ramachandran, V. S. (2014). A pilot investigation of “metaphor blindness” in a college student population. Medical hypotheses82(6), 648-651. Details.

Jalal, B., Settlage, B. L., & Ramachandran, V. S. (2014). Science, epistemology, and future prospects for psychoanalysis. Neuropsychoanalysis16(2), 115-127. Details.

Abuhamdeh, S., Csikszentmihalyi, M., & Jalal, B. (2014). Enjoying the possibility of defeat: Outcome uncertainty, suspense, and intrinsic motivation. Motivation and Emotion39(1), 1-10. Details.

Jalal, B [Baland], Simons-Rudolph, J., Jalal, B [Bamo], & Hinton, D. E. (2014). Explanations of sleep paralysis among the general population in Egypt and Denmark. Transcultural Psychiatry51, 158-175. Details.

Jalal, B. & Hinton, D. E. (2013). Rates and characteristics of sleep paralysis in the general population of Denmark and Egypt. Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry37, 534-548. Details.

Jalal, B. & Amir, N. (2013). Semantic priming and interpretation bias in social anxiety disorder. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 38, 23-32. Details.

Other Publications

Eskici, H. S., Hinton, D. E., Jalal, B., Yurtbakan, T., & Acarturk, C. (2023). Culturally adapted cognitive behavioral therapy for Syrian refugee women in Turkey: A randomized controlled trial. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy.

Acarturk, C., Alyanak, B., Cetinkaya, M., Gulen, B., Jalal, B., Hinton, D., E. (In press). Adaptation of transdiagnostic CBT for Turkish adolescents: Examples from Culturally Adapted Multiplex CBT (CA Multiplex CBT). Cognitive and Behavioral Practice.

Hinton, D. E. & Jalal, B.  (In Press). Dimensions of culturally sensitive CBT: Application to Southeast Asian populations. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry.

Acarturk, Z., C., Abuhamdeh,, S., Jalal, B., Unaldi, N, Alyanak,, B., Cetinkaya, M, Gulen, B, Hinton, D.E. (In Press) Culturally adapted transdiagnostic CBT for SSRI-resistant Turkish adolescents: A pilot study. American Journal of OrthopsychiatryDetails.

 Jalal, B., Romanelli, A., & Hinton, D. E. (In press). Sleep paralysis in Italy: Terrifying ghosts and witches and symptoms of psychopathology (PTSD and Depression). Psypag Quarterly.

Becker, M., Vignoles, V. L., Owe, E., Easterbrook, M., Brown., R Smith, P. B.,…& Abuhamdeh, S. (2017). Being oneself through time: Bases of self-continuity across 55 cultures. Self and Identity, 1-18. Details.

Vignoles, V. L., Owe, E., Becker, M., Smith, P. B., Easterbrook, M., Brown., R…& Bond, M. H. (2016). Beyond the ‘East-West’ dichotomy: Global variation in cultural models of selfhood. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 145(8), 966. Details.

Smith, P. B., Vignoles, V. L., Becker, M., Owe, E., Easterbrook, M. J., Brown, R…. Harb, C. (2016). Individual and culture-level components of survey response styles: A multi-level analysis using cultural models of selfhood. International Journal of Psychology, 51(6), 453-463. Details.

Jalal, B. (2016). Sleep paralysis. In World Book studentDetails.

Jalal, B. (2016). Lucid dreams. In World Book studentDetails.

Jalal. B. (2015). Further thoughts on “metaphor blindness”: Implications and future avenues of research. Medical hypotheses85(6), 1044. Details.

Hinton, D. E. & Jalal, B. (2014). Parameters for creating culturally sensitive CBT: Implementing CBT in global settings. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice21, 139-144. Details.

Hinton, D. E., Ojserkis, R., Jalal, B., & Hofmann, S. G. (2014). Loving kindness to treat traumatized refugees and minority groups: A typology of mindfulness and nodal network model of affect. Journal of Clinical Psychology69, 817-828. Details.

Hinton, D. E. & Jalal, B. (2014). Guidelines for the implementation of cultural sensitive CBT among refugees and globally. Intervention, 12, 78-93. Details.

Jalal, B. (2014). Evidence for tai chi as a therapeutic mind-body intervention for sleep: A commentary on Raman et al.  Journal of Sleep Disorders and Therapy, 3, 2167-2177. Details.

Jalal, B., Taylor, C. T., & Hinton, D. E. (2013). A comparison of self-report and interview methods for assessing sleep paralysis: A pilot investigation in Denmark and the United States. Journal of Sleep Disorders: Treatment and Care, 3, 9-13. Details.

Owe, E., Vignoles, V. L., Becker, M., Brown, R., Smith, P. B., Lee, S. W… & Jalal, B. (2013). Identifying the belief component of individualism-collectivism: Contextualism across 36 national groups. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 44, 24-45. Details.

Haddara, N., Jalal, B., Anderson, G. D., Amer, M. M., & Simons-Rudolph, J. M. (2012). Profile and predictors of voluntary civic engagement at a private university in Egypt. The Global Journal of Community Psychology Practice. Details.

Amer, M. & Jalal, B. (2011). Individual psychotherapy/counseling: psychodynamic, cognitive behavioral and humanistic-experiential models. In Ahmed, S. & Amer, M. (Eds). Counseling Muslims: Handbook of Mental Health Issues and Interventions. New York, NY: Routledge, pp. 87-117. Details.